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Let's say you had one legit $20 and one quite good photocopy of that same $20. If someone were to attempt to spend both the true bill and the imitation one, someone that took the trouble of looking at either of the invoices' serial numbers would observe that they were exactly the same number, and consequently one of them needed to be fictitious.
This isn't a great analogy--we'll explain in more detail below. .
Once a miner has verified 1 MB (megabyte) worth of Bitcoin transactions, they are eligible to win the 12.5 BTC. The 1 MB limit was established by Satoshi Nakamoto, and can be a matter of controversy, as some miners think the block size ought to be increased to accommodate more information.
Note that I said that verifying 1 MB value of transactions makes a miner qualified to earn Bitcoin--not everyone who supports transactions will get paid out.
1MB of transactions can technically be little as 1 transaction (though this is not at all common) or a few thousand. It depends on how much information the transactions take up.
In order to earn Bitcoin, you need to meet two conditions. One is a matter of work, one is a matter of luck.
2) You have to be the first miner to arrive at the right answer to a numeric issue. This process is also known as a proof of work.
The good news: No advanced math or computation is involved. You may have heard that miners are solving challenging mathematical problems--that's not true at all. What they are doing is trying to be the first miner to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number (a"hash") which is less than or equal to the hash.
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The bad news: Because it's guesswork, you need a good deal of computing power in order to get there . To mine successfully, you need to get a higher"hash rate," which is measured in terms of megahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), and terahashes per second (TH/s).
If you want to estimate how much Bitcoin you can mine along with your mining rig's hash pace, the website Cryptocompare provides a very helpful calculator.
Either way a GPU (graphics processing unit) miner or an application-specific integrated circuit (ASIC) miner. These can run from $500 into the tens of thousands. Some miners--especially Ethereum miners--buy individual graphics cards (GPUs) as a low-cost method to cobble together mining operations. The photo below is a makeshift, home-made mining machine. The graphics cards are those rectangular cubes with whirring circles. Note the sandwich twist-ties holding the graphics cards to the metal pole.
Case in point I tell three friends I'm thinking about a number between 1 and 100, and that I write that number on a sheet of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they simply must be the first person to guess any number that's less than or equal to this number I am thinking of.
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Let's say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C supposes 12, then they have both theoretically arrived at workable answers, since 16<19 and 12<19. There's no"extra credit" for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19. .
In Bitcoin conditions, simultaneous answers happen frequently, but at the end of the day there can only be one winning answer. When multiple simultaneous answers are presented which can be equivalent to or less than the target number, the Bitcoin network will determine by a simple majority--51 percent --that miner to honour. Normally, it's the miner that has done the work, i.e.
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The number preceding has 64 digits. Easy enough to understand so far. As you probably noticed, that number consists not just of numbers, but also letters of this alphabet. Why is that
In order to understand what these letters are doing in the middle of numbers, let us unpack the word"hexadecimal."
As you know, we utilize the"decimal" system, which means it's base 10. This in turn means that every digit has 10 possibilities, 0-9.